What were Elizabethan Inn Yards?
The Elizabethan Inn Yards were a fore-runner to Elizabethan Theatres - such as the Globe Theatre. Elizabethan Inns were always popular. Not only did they provide alcohol but they also provided rooms and lodgings for the Elizabethan traveller. All of the major inns in Elizabethan England had large cobblestone yards. A large number of these inns were located in the capital of England in London, the centre of Elizabethan trade. The courtyards of these inns were where the first plays in England were performed - and the name 'inn-yard' was born. Alternative venues to Elizabethan Inn Yards were in the houses of noblemen, town squares or, in extreme circumstances, just on open ground such as local fairs.
The above picture of the White Hart Inn-yard illustrates a typical inn-yard detailing the courtyard and the balconies and rooms. Travelling minstrels and troubadours often entertained in these inns. Elizabethan acting troupes travelled the country and sought lodgings at inns or taverns and before long entrepreneurs, like James Burbage, started to produce plays at Inn Yards - a popular and profitable idea! James Burbage would negotiate with the tavern owner, or vintner, in order to stage a performance at the inn. The plays attracted more customers so everyone shared in the profit produced at the Elizabethan inn yards.
Interesting Facts and Information about Elizabethan Inn Yards
The following interesting facts and information provide a fascinating insight into Elizabethan Inn Yards:
- Inn Yards provided the ready built venues for the first Elizabethan commercial theatre
- Performances were held in private Inns
- The plays provided an exciting and inexpensive form of entertainment
- A small fee was charged to playgoers as they entered the inn yards
- An additional fee was added on if they wanted to go up to a balcony level!
- The Audience capacity was up to 500 people
- There was gambling and there was even bear baiting in some of the Inn Yards
- The plays were performed in the cobblestone yards of inn yards
- Elizabethan Inn Yards were at their peak between 1576 - 1594
- Some Inn Yards were eventually converted to Playhouses, an indoor alternative to the massive open air theatres which were to follow
Famous Elizabethan Inn Yards
Elizabethan Inn yards were popular from 1576 - 1594. The names of some famous Elizabethan Inn Yards were:
- The Bull Inn
- The Bell Savage Inn
- The Cross Keys Inn
- The White Hart Inn
- The George Inn
The Decline of the London Inn Yards
The London Inn Yards declined for the following reasons:
- The plays held at the Inn Yards attracted hundreds of people
- The vast number of people included undesirables, including thieves, harlots and pickpockets
- There were disturbances and fights
- Local people, especially those in London, which had an air of anonymity unlike the English villages, complained to officials
- Puritans especially disliked any form of entertainment especially when then caused disturbances and encouraged the drinking of alcohol
- In 1574 the City of London started regulating the Inn-yard activities
The London Inn Yards were restricted and 'The Theatre' is born!
The activities at the London Inn Yards had been restricted and this caused considerable concern to James Burbage who was making a considerable amount of money from the plays being performed at the London Inn Yards. This, no doubt, prompted him to make the decision to create a purpose built building designed specifically to produce plays. He achieved his goal in 1576 by building 'The Theatre' in Finsbury Fields, Shoreditch, London. It was designed in the style of a Roman open-air amphitheatre, with three tiers of galleries and a covered stage. It was prudently built outside the boundary of the City of London Wall - and out of the clutches of the City of London Officials! The Inn Yards were the first venues for performing Elizabethan plays and are therefore extremely important to the history of the Globe Theatre.
Facts and information about Elizabethan Inn yards
Interesting Facts and information about the development of the Elizabethan Inn yards. Additional details, facts and information about the Elizabethan Theatre can be accessed via the Globe Theatre Sitemap.